17, Apr, 2021

How to stop the spread of viruses

Controlling a virus, especially one as contagious as the novel coronavirus, relies on knowing how it spreads.

For example, studies  say that coronavirus spreads by:

  • person-to-person contact
  • the dispersion of infected respiratory droplets into the air when a person with COVID-19 sneezes or coughs
  • a person touching a contaminated surface, such as a counter or doorknob, and then touching their mouth or nose

According to the CDC, the disease is probably most contagious when people are the most symptomatic. However, it is also possible for coronavirus to spread before a person shows any symptoms of COVID-19.

 recommend that all people wear cloth face masks in public places where it is difficult to maintain a 6-foot distance from others. This will help slow the spread of the virus from asymptomatic people or people who do not know they have contracted the virus. Cloth face masks should be worn while continuing to practice social distancing. Instructions for making masks at home can be found. Note: It is critical that surgical masks and N95 respirators are reserved for healthcare workers.

What practices slow the spread of viruses?

These practices show what people can do to stop the spread of viruses:

  • Frequent hand washing: This practice helps a person keep any viruses from getting into their body through their mouth or nose. It can also help stop the spread of any viruses that the individual may have contracted.
  • Sanitization: If hand washing is not possible, sanitizers containing at least 60% alcohol can also be helpful. The regular cleaning of shared surfaces, such as doorknobs, can also help stop the spread of viruses.
  • Social distancing: This practice can slow the spread of viruses by keeping people from having close contact with one another.
  • Covering coughs and sneezes: People can use tissues and cough into their elbows, which helps keep infected respiratory droplets out of the air and off surfaces where others could pick them up.
  • Staying at home when unwell: People who do not feel well should stay at home and limit their contact with others to prevent the spread of viruses, even if they have not received a test for the virus.

Get the latest updates and research-backed information on the novel coronavirus direct to your inbox.Enter your emailSIGN UP

In workplaces

Businesses can implement the following policies and practices to limit the spread of viruses among employees:

  • encouraging people to work from home if possible
  • telling people who are sick to stay at home and making it financially feasible for them to do so
  • canceling or opting out of large meetings
  • promoting hand washing throughout their offices and facilities, encouraging people to wash their hands for at least 20 seconds with hot water and soap
  • cleaning “high-touch” surfaces frequently
  • providing hand sanitizer and tissues

What does social distancing mean?

Social distancing is a public health care practice that officials recommend during disease outbreaks.

The goal of social distancing is to keep people far enough away from each other to prevent the spread of infectious agents, such as viruses.

Social distancing can help stop the spread of viruses, reduce the danger to people most at risk of severe symptoms, and potentially lessen the strain on the health system.

The following are examples of social distancing:

  • encouraging people to keep 6 feet away from others
  • limiting the size of gatherings to no more than a fixed number of people
  • canceling or postponing public festivals, parades, sporting events, and performances
  • canceling face-to-face classes at colleges and universities
  • closing schools
  • avoiding shaking hands and hugging
  • staying at home as much as possible

Although research is limited and mainly model-based, some studies have found that social distancing does lead to a reduction in the rate of infection. However, delayed implementation and poor compliance can reduce its effectiveness.

Even if social distancing is effective in stopping the spread of disease, people can still experience negative emotional and psychological effects, such as increased stress, anxiety, depression, and loneliness.

People can help counteract the potential side effects of social distancing by:

  • seeking out information from credible sources
  • informing care providers, employers, and their personal support networks about their concerns
  • using technology to stay connected with friends and loved ones, including having video calls for “face-to-face” interactions
  • practicing relaxation techniques, such as physical exercise, yoga, meditation, or keeping a journal

In hospitals

Hospitals are under extreme pressure to control viruses. Not only do unwell people go to the hospital, potentially bringing viruses with them as they seek treatment, but also many hospital patients are already sick and frail.

Another infection could overwhelm a weakened immune system.

Recommended techniques that hospitals use to stop the spread of viruses include:

  • Calling ahead: Hospitals request that people coming in who may have COVID-19 phone ahead so that staff may keep them separate from people with other health concerns.
  • Directing: Limiting the number of entrances to the hospital, questioning people about travel and symptoms, and directing them to the relevant part of the hospital can help.
  • Signs and supplies: Placing warning signs and hygiene posters throughout the facility, along with hand sanitizer and tissues, can help reduce the spread of viruses.
  • Face masks and respirators: People coming to the hospital with symptoms of a respiratory infection should receive face masks immediately. Cleared healthcare personnel who have undergone training in respiratory care should wear N95 respirators or, if these are not available, face masks.
  • Isolation: People who may have a very contagious virus should remain separate — either in private rooms or on different floors or wings — from individuals with other health issues.
  • Personal protective equipment: Staff working with people who may have a highly contagious viral infection should wear eye protection, gowns, and gloves.
  • Cleaning: Hospital personnel will need to follow stringent guidelines on cleaning medical equipment, surfaces, laundry, and food service utensils.


In light of the recent outbreak of the novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, striving to stop the spread of viruses is more important than ever.

Although there are no guarantees, hand washing, social distancing, and, in general, limiting each individual’s potential exposure to infectious agents are useful tools for limiting the spread of viruses.

Widespread mask-wearing could prevent COVID-19 second waves

Widespread mask-wearing could prevent COVID-19 second waves: study

Population-wide face mask use could push COVID-19 transmission down to controllable levels for national epidemics, and could prevent further waves of the pandemic disease when combined with lockdowns, according to a British study on Wednesday. The research, led by scientists at the Britain’s Cambridge and Greenwich Universities, suggests lockdowns alone will not stop the resurgence […]

Keep Your Distance to Slow the Spread

Limiting face-to-face contact with others is the best way to reduce the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). What is social distancing? Social distancing, also called “physical distancing,” means keeping space between yourself and other people outside of your home. To practice social or physical distancing: Stay at least 6 feet (about 2 arms’ length) […]

Use of fabrics Face Coverings to assist Slow the Spread of COVID-19

How to Wear a Cloth Face Covering Cloth face coverings should— fit snugly but comfortably against the side of the face be secured with ties or ear loops include multiple layers of fabric allow for breathing without restriction be able to be laundered and machine dried without damage or change to shape  Homemade Cloth Face […]

All you need to know about COVID-19

COVID-19 is a highly contagious infectious disease that the newly identified virus SARS-CoV-2 causes. SARS-CoV-2 belongs to the family of viruses known as coronaviruses. In the majority of people who develop it, COVID-19 causes a mild respiratory illness similar to influenza. In some individuals, however, it can lead to a severe respiratory condition that requires hospitalization. […]

Symptoms of Coronavirus

Watch for symptoms People with COVID-19 have had a wide range of symptoms reported – ranging from mild symptoms to severe illness. Symptoms may appear 2-14 days after exposure to the virus. People with these symptoms may have COVID-19: Cough Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing Fever Chills Muscle pain Sore throat New loss of taste or smell […]

Coronavirus: why managed alcohol programmes are essential for problem drinkers who are homeless

People who are homeless are being particularly affected by the coronavirus pandemic. Common health problems such as respiratory disease put people who are homeless at more risk and self-isolation is impossible if you are living on the streets or in temporary accommodation. Those dependent on alcohol are at even greater risk as they need to […]

How the coronavirus is affecting the world

Dealing with the unforeseen challenges caused by the COVID-19 pandemic has taken a significant toll on people all across the world. Medical News Today has spoken with people from different countries, asking how the pandemic has impacted their lives. At the time of writing this Special Feature, there are over 2,700,000 confirmed cases of COVID-19 […]

Discussing COVID-19

Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is highly prevalent in the United States and beyond. As the COVID-19 pandemic continues, researchers are keen to understand whether hypertension or the drugs that treat it might interact with the virus. To date, the novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, has reached every continent on Earth other than Antarctica. The disease that […]

Widespread mask-wearing could prevent COVID-19 second waves

Could dogs help detect COVID-19?

A team of researchers from the United Kingdom is putting forth an intriguing proposition: What if dogs could help detect COVID-19? Late last month, a team of researchers from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), the registered charity Medical Detection Dogs, and Durham University, all in the U.K., announced an intriguing new initiative. The team […]

Coronavirus myths explored

The novel coronavirus, now known as SARS-CoV-2, has spread from Wuhan, China, to every continent on Earth except Antarctica. The World Health Organization (WHO) officially changed their classification of the situation from a public health emergency of international concern to a pandemic on March 11. To date, the novel coronavirus — currently dubbed “severe acute respiratory syndrome […]

Lessons to be learned

Although there are significant differences between the pandemics above and COVID-19, there are some key takeaways here. Surveillance is important — we need to know who is affected and who has been affected. Indeed, testing is key to our understanding of COVID-19 and how to slow its progress. We have also learned that physical distancing […]

About Novel coronavirus – COVID-19

On 20 January 2020, National IHR Focal Point (NFP) for Republic of Korea reported the first case of novel coronavirus in the Republic of Korea. The case is a 35-year-old female, Chinese national, residing in Wuhan, Hubei province in China. The current outbreak of infections with a novel type of coronavirus has sparked global anxiety […]

Leave a Reply

%d bloggers like this: